Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO)
Rafael Obregon & Masudul Biswas
Despite dramatic geopolitical and media changes worldwide, the New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO) continues to be a topic of interest to researchers and practitioners interested in international media. The conceptual framework of the NWICO placed journalism practice and international news media flow at the center of the political, economic, and cultural agenda of countries in both the developed and developing world. In the early twenty-first century, NWICO provides useful insight for understanding of current journalism trends. This entry provides a brief history of NWICO, its importance when it emerged in the early 1980s, its main concepts and principles, and its present significance. Although its origins can be traced back to the critical perspectives on media and communication that emerged in the early 1970s, the NWICO was the product of the 1980 MacBride Commission report, Many Voices, One World , commissioned by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural ...