Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Nicole J. Maurantonio
Philadelphia is the second largest city on the East Coast and the sixth largest in the nation, with a population of approximately 1.45 million. Situated between New York and Washington, D.C., Philadelphia's location has long made it a pivotal printing and publishing center and an important city for journalists. Among the first newspapers to be printed within Philadelphia was The Pennsylvania Gazette , published by Benjamin Franklin. The success of the Gazette was due in no small part to Franklin's acute awareness of the types of stories that sold newspapers: sex, crime, and gossip. In addition to its distinctive journalistic style, the Gazette also distinguished itself by printing, on May 9, 1754, the “Join, or Die” graphic, considered the first political cartoon printed in the United States. In 1800, when the United States capitol moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C., Philadelphia undertook efforts to remake its image. Part of this ...