Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Michael Stoll & Jon Rochmis
California's fourth-largest city, with a population of about 750,000 in the early 2000s, lies at the heart of a metropolitan region of more than 7 million people. The area, which encompasses Oakland and San Jose, was the country's sixth-ranked market in 2008. Starting at the end of the twentieth century, consolidation and cutbacks affected almost every newspaper throughout the Bay Area; the numerous television and radio stations have also downsized. Yet in San Francisco and neighboring Silicon Valley, online innovators hold the promise of providing new sources of revenue for journalistic innovation. The 1848 Gold Rush turned San Francisco into California's largest city virtually overnight. By 1849, the city had its first newspaper, the Alta California . By 1850 four more dailies arose. Newspapers came and went with seeming abandon: the city's roster of dailies rose to 8 in January 1851, dropped to 2 in 1852, and climbed to 12 ...