Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Scandinavia forms a geographical and cultural territory in the northern part of Europe. Culturally and sociolinguistically, Scandinavia comprises Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. Geographically, Scandinavia comprises the Scandinavian peninsula, which excludes Denmark but includes the northeastern part of Finland. Scandinavia is part of, but not synonymous with, the Nordic region. The Nordic countries consist of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands (both part of Denmark), and Åland (part of Finland). As Scandinavia is formally Sweden, Denmark, and Norway this entry will focus on their journalism. These countries constitute very different cases compared to North Atlantic countries (such as the United States) and Mediterranean countries. All three Scandinavian countries are constitutional monarchies with relatively small populations. They have a common history, as exemplified by the fact that Norway has in the past been ruled by both Denmark and Sweden. Some geographical areas of present day Sweden have been ...