Juliet Gill Pinto
Journalism in South America encompasses myriad forms and functions, making simple generalizations impossible. Instead, the development of the profession in the region has been influenced by such diffuse factors as competing press models, shifts in media economies, diverse audiences, changing regulatory environments, political instability, and emergence of new technologies, among others. Numerous problems exist for the practice of journalism according to Western standards of a free press, but advancements in the form of dramatic developments in communication technologies, growth of professional associations, and educational opportunities hold promise for the future. According to the United Nations, the population of South America in 2007 was over 373 million, with Brazil (186.8 million), Colombia (44.9 million), and Argentina (38.7 million) forming the most populated countries. More than three-fourths of the continent's populations live in urban areas, with that figure even higher in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, and ...