Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
James W. E. Sheptycki
The concept of police is a modern idea with its roots in the European Enlightenment. The term is rooted etymologically in the ancient Greek term polis , which refers to the city-state as a system of government. The modern notion of a polity, as a system of governance and social ordering, is similarly related. In addition, the concept of police connects to the terms policy and politics , as well as to their derivatives—political, politician, politicize, and so on. The activities that take place under the auspices of police inextricably link to political and policy processes concerned with the governance of populations and territory. Policing is that form of civil administration concerned with the regulation, disciplining, and ordering of a community, and is usually associated with that department of government concerned with the maintenance of public order, public safety, and the enforcement of laws. It implies a set of activities ...