Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Veerle Van Gijsegem
There has not been much sociolegal research in Belgium outside of the area of criminal justice, particularly as conducted by centers for criminology. Belgium has been a constitutional monarchy since its independence in 1830. Originally a unitary state, it has gradually become a complex federal state due to cultural and economic differences and conflicts between the Flemish (Dutch-speaking) north and the Walloon (French-speaking) south. In the 1993 constitutional reform, the first article of the constitution was modified to read: “Belgium is a Federal State that consists of Communities and Regions.” The three communities are ...