Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637 | Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The term Scandinavian sociolegal studies usually encompasses studies from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. The emergence of Scandinavian sociology of law took place after World War II. It was influenced by and focused on the engagement of law, legal institutions, and the legal profession in the expansion of the Scandinavian welfare states. Jurists often saw law as a steering mechanism in the development of the welfare states, a view frequently adopted by sociology of law. Not only did sociology of law describe the interaction of laws and legal institutions with their surroundings, but also many scholars attempted to improve law's efficiency in the overall welfare perspective. Furthermore, the first Danish sociolegal activities had a developmental aspect, focusing on the modernization of Greenland. The founders of sociology of law thus focused on concrete topics based on practical and political concerns. In the 1940s, the German immigrant Theodor Geiger (1891–1952) and Torgny Segerstedt ...