Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Campus Safety and Security Acts
Vertel T. Martin
Prior to 1990, many college and university administrators did not report information about incidents of crime and violence that occurred on their campuses since there was no enforced mandate to report such occurrences. This changed in 1990, when Congress enacted the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act (Pub. L. No. 101-542, 104 Stat. 2385) as an amendment to the Student Consumer Information Act of 1976. This legislation was promulgated after years of lobbying by the Clery family (whose daughter had been murdered on a college campus in Pennsylvania in 1986), campus law enforcement officials, and others who had been affected by, or who were concerned about, the rise in crime on the campuses of higher education institutions. The act was amended in 1992 to require that schools give victims specific basic rights (The Sexual Assault Victim's Bill of Rights) and again in 1998 (The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security ...