Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jordan is located in the Middle East on the western part of the Arabian Peninsula. It has an area of 92,300 square kilometers and its population is 5.5 million people (July 2003 estimate). The British gained possession of Jordan from Turkey during World War I, when the country was known as Trans-Jordan. It was separated from the Palestine mandate in 1920. It became independent from the United Kingdom in 1946. Jordan is one of the few Arab countries that have diplomatic relations with Israel, its neighbor. Jordan is a constitutional monarchy whose legal system is based on Islamic law and French codes. The head of state is the King, who appoints the Prime Minister and, on the Prime Minister's proposal, members of the cabinet. It has a bicameral National Assembly that is partially appointed ...