Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Mauritania is located on the Atlantic coast in North Africa, covering 1,030,700 square kilometers between Western Sahara and Senegal. Its population of 2.9 million people (July 2003 estimate) is mixed between Arab-Berber, who migrated from the north in the 3rd through 7th centuries, and indigenous black ethnic groups. It was a French colony until 1960, at which time its population was 90% nomadic and livelihoods were largely based on agriculture. Years of ...