Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Identity Theft and Identity Crimes
Judith M. Collins
Personal Identity Theft . Identity theft is the crime of the 21st century, undermining the economy of U.S. businesses and the entire United States. Identity theft is categorized as either “personal” or “business.” Personal identity theft is the unauthorized use of another person's personal identifying information to obtain credit, goods, services, money, or property, or to commit a felony or misdemeanor. “Personal identifying information” means a person's name, address, telephone number, driver's license number, social security number, place of employment, employee identification number, demand deposit account number, savings or checking account number, credit card number, or mother's maiden name. A mother's maiden name is not required to conduct financial or health care transactions, but it is often requested by companies for use as a password. However, a mother's maiden name is also the final piece of information required by perpetrators to obtain one's original birth certificate, which can then be ...