Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952651 | Print ISBN: 9781412924702 | Online ISBN: 9781412952651| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Occupational Health Psychology
Peter Y. Chen & Sarah DeArmond & Yueng-hsiang Huang
According to the National Safety Council, more than 5,500 workplace fatalities and 4.3 million injuries occurred in the United States in 2003. Estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO) show occupational injuries are a concern throughout the world. The WHO reports that there are approximately 268 million nonfatal workplace accidents each year causing more than three days of lost work, and roughly 160 million new cases of work-related illness. These occupational illnesses include but are not limited to musculoskeletal, respiratory, and circulatory diseases. In addition to occupational illness and injuries, occupational stress has been and still is a major concern throughout the world. This concern was evident when the 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) specifically voiced the need to research occupational safety and health (OSH), including the study of psychological factors and job stresses on potential for illness, disease, or loss of functional capacity in aging adults. According ...