Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972000 | Print ISBN: 9781412940818 | Online ISBN: 9781412972000| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Cell Phones and Driver Distraction
David L. Strayer & Joel M. Cooper
Operating a motor vehicle is an activity engaged in by more than one billion people on an annual basis. Given that each year there are more than one million fatalities worldwide associated with motor vehicle accidents, driving represents one of the more risky activities undertaken on a regular basis by adults between the ages of 25 and 65. Estimates suggest that as many as 80% of accidents on the roadway are the result of some type of driver distraction, and it has been noted that one of the basic road errors is a failure to see and react to another road user in time. Driver distraction associated with visual processing can be divided into two general categories: Situations where drivers fail to look at roadway hazards in the driving environment (i.e., failures to look or fixate upon an object) and situations where drivers look at objects in the driving scene, ...