Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Dungeons & Dragons
Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) is a tabletop fantasy role-playing game (RPG). It was initially published by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson in 1974 and has since gone through several editions that have tweaked or otherwise updated the rule system. The game is single-handedly responsible for modern RPGs; although it grew from several similar games and systems, its combination of statistical game-play and imaginative role playing means it is a truly original text and one of the most influential games ever developed. It is estimated that over 20 million people have played Dungeons & Dragons , and that it has 5.5 million active users; however, the influence of D&D is far more widespread than these figures would suggest. D&D rules, characters, and class systems are still used as a basis for many games of all genres. Dungeons & Dragons is the progenitor of literally thousands of spin-offs within the genre D&D ...