Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Located in North Africa, Algeria was a part of the Ottoman Empire until 1830, when the French took Algiers, and gradually occupied the rest of the country, with many migrants from France, Italy, Spain, and Germany settling in northern Algeria, which became a part of France. In 1954 war broke out, as Algerian nationalists wanted independence, and France finally granted independence in 1962. Oil revenue made the country prosperous, but in January 1992 the military took control to prevent Islamic fundamentalists from winning the elections, and there was mass violence, which continued until about 2003. The Ottoman influence on the country has resulted in the playing of the Turkish form of ...