Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
One of the republics in the Caucasus, Georgia was an independent kingdom in medieval times, but from the early 19th century, it has been part of the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union. In 1991 Georgia regained its independence; it shares borders with the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Turkey. As a result, many of the influences in Georgia come from its neighbors—Chess from Russia, Backgammon from Turkey, and card games from nearby Iran. During the Middle Ages, the influence of the Byzantine Empire led to much mural painting, some of which survives in churches, as well as sculpture. Many men were also interested in metalwork and leatherwork, not just as ...