Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The small and landlocked South American country of Paraguay remains one of the poorest in the continent, sharing borders with Brazil, Argentina, and Bolivia. Its capital, Asunción, was one of the earliest Spanish settlements on the South American mainland, but much of the country remains desperately poor, having been ruled by various dictators for most of the 20th century. Little is known about the traditional life of the native Guaraní Indians before the arrival of the Europeans—boys would certainly have practiced at hunting—but some of those who later lived with the Jesuit were encouraged to play music, especially the flute, and also the violin, as depicted in Robert Bolt's film The Mission (1986). In Spanish society in colonial Paraguay, wealthy boys learned how to ride horses, with girls ...