Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Pinochle is derived from Bezique and is very similar to it, especially in the two-player versions of each game, with the major difference being in how the game is scored. The name is taken to be a French-German-Swiss corruption of the name Bezique to Binokle to Pinochle, or sometimes Peanukle. The game started to appear in America along with German immigrants, and there are references to it dating back to at least 1864. The game's association with German immigrants was so strong that during World War I (a time when sauerkraut was renamed “liberty cabbage”), playing the game was banned in some American cities. Pinochle is not played with a regulation 52-card deck but a 48-card deck with two copies of the 9, 10, jack, queen, king, and ace cards for each of the four suits. ...