Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Located in Central Asia, with borders with Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Iran, Turkmenistan is located along the Silk Road trading route between Europe and China, and as a result, many Turkish, Russian, and Chinese games and pastimes have been introduced to augment the rich local heritage of the country. Its recorded history goes back to the Indo-Bactrian kingdoms established during the time of Alexander the Great and his successors. After being invaded by the Seh'uk Turks and the Mongols, Turkmenistan was taken by the Russians in the early 19th century and in the 1880s railways were built through the region. ...