Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Uruguay owes its origins to its close proximity to Buenos Aires, and the city of Montevideo, Uruguay's capital. Montevideo was only founded in 1726, the newest capital in Latin America. Very little is known about the life of the Charrúa, the native people. The Uruguayan population consists largely of descendents of Spanish and Italian settlers, with a distinct French influence. This has led to intense interest in horse riding and rodeos, with gaucho culture being very popular as a literary and also a historical theme. Bullfighting in Uruguay has been illegal since 1865. Uruguay is a relatively wealthy country and supports a welfare state with good social services. With more than a third of the country's population living in Montevideo, Uruguayan society reflects this wealthier and more urban ...