Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
In Vietnam, in southeast Asia, there is a saying that “man is complete only when he plays.” Heavily influenced by China, there have been a wide variety of pursuits in Vietnam followed by children and adults. Swings made from bamboo have been fashioned since medieval times, and probably earlier. These were used by children to play, and by adults to meditate. There were also many people who were involved in the making of models of people, animals, boats, or houses, as well as flying kites. The influence of China in medieval times led to the widespread playing of Mahjong, and also Chinese Chess. Gradually, in early-modern Vietnam, possibly from the 15th century, card games started to be introduced. Vietnamese playing cards were generally much longer and narrower in shape than those in Western Europe, and ...