Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Blackjack, also known as Twenty-One, is played in more casinos in the world than any other game. Although the game is, at the core, one of chance, the skillful player can take advantage of a number of options to increase his chances of winning. The goal is quite simple: taking one card at a time, accumulate the highest possible hand without exceeding a value of 21. Blackjack, like other banking games, pits each player against the dealer, making it a game more suited to formal betting environments like casinos than for recreational play among friends. Blackjack originated in France in the 1700s, where it was known as Vingt-Un or Vingt-Et-Un , French for Twenty-One. It is unknown exactly when the game came to America, but the rules as most widely used today were refined in Indiana in 1912. Most of the rule variations created by American casinos involved changing the ...