Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
This landlocked South American country is one of the poorest countries in the Americas. It has borders with Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Peru, and Chile, the latter of which managed to defeat Bolivia in war in 1879 and removed its access to the sea. Unlike most other countries in Latin America, Bolivia has an indigenous majority, most being from the Quechua and the Aymará, with those of European descent making up 15 percent of the population of over 9 million (2007). Many of Bolivia's indigenous people inherited traditions and customs from the Incas, with playing music, singing, and dancing being very important. Many ...