Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Congo, Democratic Republic of
The third largest country on the African continent, Congo occupies over half of the Congo River basin. It was, as the Congo Free State, a possession of King Leopold II of Belgium. Earlier, in 1908, it became a Belgian colony called the Belgian Congo, and after independence in 1960, it became the Republic of the Congo. From 1971 until 1996, the country was known as Zaire. There have been many traditional games in the country, and perhaps the best-known is Mankata , which involves making a hollow in the ground and then placing stones around those of one's opponent in ...