Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Physiocracy is an intellectual movement that arose from the encounter between François Quesnay (1694–1774), physician to King Louis XV, and Victor Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau (1715–1789), a noble landowner, famous for his book L'ami des hommes (1758). In the 1760s, the movement gained momentum thanks to the emergence of talented men such as Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours (1739–1817); the abbot Nicolas Baudeau (1730–1792), who placed his periodical (Les Ephémérides du citoyen ) at the disposition of the school; and Pierre-Paul Le Mercier de la Rivière (1719–1801), a former administrator in the French West Indies who became the author of a major book, L'ordre naturel et essentiel des sociétés politiques , in which the political views of the school were made available to a wider public. Physiocracy means the power of nature. The term came from the role that Quesnay and his followers gave to nature in the production of (le ...