Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Universal monarchy is a doctrine that had its origin in the Roman Empire, but its best-known form is in Dante Alighieri's De monarchia , completed some time after 1310. Dante's argument concerns the proper location for temporal authority. The logic of Book 1 of De monarchia , which takes up the question of whether there should be one temporal ruler over all, is derived from Aristotle by way of Aquinas. All human beings have ends, which must be coordinated for any social institution to work. The indispensable condition for human beings to work out their ends is peace, which means finally universal peace. Following Aristotle, he argues that each social ...