Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Kathy S. Deasy
Virtually every U.S. jurisdiction provides gynecological and obstetrical services to its female inmates. Under normal circumstances, the practitioner providing these services would be a gynecologist who had completed specialized residency training in the study and treatment of the diseases of the female reproductive system, including the breasts. Generally, this training also includes obstetrics (the care of the pregnant woman) and integrates the medical and surgical care of women's health throughout their life span. The study of obstetrics and gynecology includes the physiologic, social, cultural, environmental, and genetic factors that influence disease in women. Individual obstetrician-gynecologists may choose a wide scope of practice, to include the care of pregnant women and surgical procedures on the reproductive organs, or a more focused practice that limits care to ambulatory (office-based) services. In some cases, other medical practitioners, including nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, physician assistants, and physicians from other specialties such as family medicine ...