Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Rob T. Guerette
Many migrants attempt to enter foreign countries illegally every year. In a separate but often interconnected system, most countries have processes to enable refugees to remain in their country through claims of political asylum. Known as “asylum seekers,” these refugees petition the government for protection from their native countries’ oppressive political system and, if granted, they are allowed to stay. The majority of countries hosting undocumented immigration have generally dealt with the problem through detention and/or deportation. Illegal immigrants are processed in the correction and prison system either when they are detected entering the country without authorization or when they are arrested for committing some other crime. Depending on jurisdiction, apprehended immigrants are either detained to serve out an imposed criminal sentence, returned to their native country, or a combination of both. Although most developed countries face similar problems of unauthorized immigration, the nature of occurrence and particular methods of ...