Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Offenders with substance abuse problems make up a minimum of 75% of the U.S. inmate population. Despite this alarming figure, currently fewer than half of U.S. prisons offer targeted substance abuse programming. Those programs that are offered most commonly include self-help programs such as Narcotics Anonymous. Narcotics Anonymous (NA) is a nonprofit organization made up of recovering addicts who meet regularly to support one another in the recovery process. The NA program developed from the Alcoholics Anonymous framework in the late 1940s. The organization grew slowly through North America until the 1980s, when they published their Basic Text , which became highly influential. The NA program is centered on complete abstinence from all drugs, although anyone with the desire to stop using may participate. Narcotics Anonymous is based on the premise that addicts are in the best position to help others through the process of substance abuse recovery. Peer support ...