Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jennifer M. Allen
Celebrity and other high-profile offenders as well ordinary inmates fearful for their lives are sometimes held in protective custody during part or all of their sentences. While in protective custody, prisoners are usually placed in housing units that are separate from the larger institution. In official publications, a variety of terms, including administrative segregation or detention, dissociation, isolation, seclusion, protective custody , and solitary confinement , are used interchangeably to describe these restrictive environments. People are usually placed on segregation to ensure the safety of inmates and others, to protect institutional property, and to guarantee the security and orderly running of the facility. Segregation from the general inmate population for reasons other than disciplinary ones is not considered punitive in nature, although it can have detrimental effects on an inmate's chance of parole, admission to a halfway house, and security classifications. Placement in protective custody, administrative segregation, or administrative detention ...