Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ruby, Jack (1911–1967)
Kimberly L. Freiberger
Jack Ruby killed Lee Harvey Oswald while Oswald was being transferred from the Dallas police headquarters to a more secure place of confinement. At the time, Oswald stood accused of assassinating John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. The manner in which Ruby was able both to possess a weapon in police custody and to gain access to such a high-notoriety offender as Oswald raised numerous questions about the management of penal institutions and those awaiting trial. For that reason Jack Ruby remains an important figure in the history of the U.S. penal system. Jack Ruby was born Jack Rubenstein on March 25, 1911, in Chicago, Illinois. He was the fifth child of eight born to Joseph and Fannie Rubenstein. Ruby's father, Joseph Rubenstein, was born in Poland and was a carpenter by trade. He entered the United States in 1903 and joined the carpenters union in 1904. Ruby's mother, ...