Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Lisa Hutchinson Wallace
Children may be involved in the U.S. prison system in two ways: directly by their confinement in juvenile institutions and adult prisons or indirectly by the incarceration of their parents. On any given day in the United States, approximately 107,000 juveniles are incarcerated in juvenile institutions and adult facilities. Children in another estimated 336,300 households in the United States had at least one parent in jail or prison in 1999. Children are incarcerated in both juvenile institutions and in adult prisons. In 1998, the number of delinquency cases in juvenile court reached 1.8 million; increasing 44% from 1989. This expansion of the number of children brought before the juvenile court for delinquent offenses in turn spurred an increase in the number of juveniles being incarcerated. The number of children incarcerated in juvenile institutions peaked in 1990 when 570,000 such juveniles were housed in these facilities. The total number of juvenile ...