Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Disciplinary segregation is a generic term used to identify various forms of separate or segregated confinement where prisoners are housed as a form of added punishment. Persons are usually held in this manner in response to disciplinary infractions that they have been judged to have committed. In addition to separation (and sometimes isolation), disciplinary segregation also commonly includes the imposition of additional restrictions on the movement of inmates within the institution, a decreased level of privileges and programming, and more severe levels of material deprivation. As a generic term, disciplinary segregation subsumes more specific forms of punitive prison confinement. For example, some prisons practice a form of disciplinary segregation known as confinement to quarters (CTQ). Prisoners usually are placed on CTQ status as a result of having violated relatively minor prison rules. Generally, they are not permitted to leave their cells and cannot participate in the normal routines of the ...