Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Hip Hop, Rap, and Delinquency
Terri M. Adams
Hip hop is an artistic cultural expression that embodies music, language, dance, visual art, and fashion. Although it has its roots in the evolution of rap music during the early 1980s, it emerged as a major pop-cultural theme during the 1990s. Life and the artistic expressions of urban America have largely shaped the aesthetics of this art form. This entry provides a definition of hip hop and then presents a synopsis of the debate surrounding the nature of the influence of this cultural expression on aberrant behavior, especially among urban African American youth. It reviews claims that that there is a connection between hip hop and delinquency/crime, as well as the counterargument against the existence of such a connection. Hip hop has experienced an enormous amount of acceptance and has had a major impact on popular culture. The popularity of this cultural form is evident in the sales records of ...