Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Craig D. Uchida
When the Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States entered World War II. The sudden and deliberate attack not only mobilized the U.S. military into action, but federal, state, and local authorities began the process of moving Americans of Japanese ancestry away from the West Coast and Hawai'i. This entry describes the process of Japanese internment, from the first wave of roundups to the return of Japanese Americans to their homes after the war. In addition, it briefly traces the legacy of the internment and discusses redress and reparations that occurred in the latter part of the 20th century. While the U.S. military mobilized for action against the forces of the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan), local authorities and the Federal Bureau of Investigation began to round up Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrant) leaders in the Japanese American communities in Hawai'i and on the mainland. ...