Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Wilson R. Palacios
Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority in the United States. Social scientists are finding that they have to broaden their scope of research to be inclusive of this demographic shift. Contemporary research efforts in the area of race and crime are moving toward revisiting traditional ways of theorizing about race and ethnicity and their centrality to our understanding of crime and criminality. Although past research practices either omitted or subsumed Hispanic identity along a common racial dichotomy, White or Black, contemporary scholars recognize that Hispanics are multiracial, multilingual, and defined by a host of varied experiences, most notably immigration. Cubans are the third largest Hispanic (ethnic) group in the United States. While Cubans have been migrating to the United States for well over 100 years, the Mariel exodus in 1980 was a pivotal experience in that it redefined U.S. immigration policies for Latin and Central America, accelerated unprecedented growth, and ...