Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is one of the most influential and successful civil rights groups in America. Its mission is to guarantee political, educational, social, and economic equality for all persons and to abolish racial discrimination and racial hatred. For nearly 100 years, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People has taken its fight for racial equality and the protection of civil rights across the United States and now globally. Though the organization struggled through its humble beginnings and suffered much controversy and adversity throughout the 1900s, today there are more than 390,000 members worldwide. This entry first reviews the NAACP's intricate history and then describes its recent achievements and key objectives. Although slavery ended with President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, there was still extreme prejudice against African Americans during the 1900s. African Americans suffered from poorer living conditions, limited ...