Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Michael J. Jenkins
Many issues in criminal justice are inextricably linked to the study of race. Although prisoner reentry has become a popular topic in criminal justice policy, research into the relationship between race and prisoner reentry is scant. Yet, such research is necessary for a more useful understanding of prisoner reentry policies. This entry discusses the consequences of racial disparities in imprisonment rates and of the evolving nature of parole on an offender's ability to successfully reenter society. It also explores culturally competent (and socially responsible) means of assisting a prisoner in his or her reentry. Prisoners have been reentering communities since the turn of the 18th century, when the first U.S. prison began operating in Philadelphia. Since then, the U.S. corrections model has shifted back and forth from punishment and deterrence to rehabilitation. The unprecedented, threefold increase of prisoners over the past 20 years, however, has resulted in an increasing number ...