Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Tiffiney Y. Barfield-Cottledge & Alfonzo Greenidge
Racial conflict is defined as societal controversies related to variances in ethnic, cultural, or national affiliation. Specifically, racial conflict is the result of one dominant culture's control of differing cultures through economics, politics, social policy, and law. In the U.S. juvenile and criminal justice systems, the term racial conflict can be used to refer to discriminatory practices by those who work in the juvenile and criminal justice systems against minority persons. Recent literature expanding the racial conflict concern to include U.S. policy, murder as the result of identity internalizations, and merchant-consumer relationships is not discussed here. Instead, this entry examines the literature depicting racial conflict as a systemic and controversial topic in the juvenile and criminal justice systems. In addition, the relationship between racial conflict and a maintained societal ideology is examined. Historical accounts of violent racial conflict have existed since before the 1800s and up to the present day. ...