Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Boot Camps, Adult
Adult boot camps, also known as “shock incarceration” programs, were first implemented in Georgia and in Oklahoma in late 1983. Boot camps are a form of intermediate sanction that emphasize a military-style atmosphere with hard physical labor, strict physical training, exercise, and an intensive focus on self-discipline. Boot camps have traditionally targeted young, first-time offenders convicted of nonviolent and less serious crimes. Boot camps are aimed at scaring or shocking an individual away from criminal behavior by providing a tough physical atmosphere. Program goals and objectives vary from one facility to another. Most target goals such as diverting offenders from incarceration, instilling confidence and self-respect, and promoting self-discipline through military-style treatment. The length of stay in each boot camp varies, with an average length of stay of approximately 3 to 6 months. During this time frame, boot camp cadets are under the guidance and supervision of a military-style drill instructor ...