Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Joanne Belknap & Tanya Greathouse
The term school shootings typically refers to events in which a student at an elementary, middle, junior, or high school shoots and injures or kills at least one other student at school during the school day. They are typically characterized by multiple deaths. Rampage school shootings are a type of school shooting where no single or specific individual is targeted by the shooter. School shootings are neither new nor common. However, the threat they pose within institutions that are supposed to educate and keep our youth safe, along with the intense media attention to these shootings when they occur, has resulted in heightened awareness and an unrealistically elevated sense of threat among parents, youth, and the general public. Significantly, whereas many of the early journalistic and scholarly writings on the patterns of school shooters and shootings identified social rejection, bullying, gun availability, and the rampant consumption of violent media as ...