Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Boot Camps, Juvenile
Peggy A. Engram
Juvenile boot camps are residential facilities for adolescents who have broken the law or who have been labeled delinquent. The model for juvenile boot camps is taken from military training camps where the emphasis is on socialization for military life. The first juvenile boot camp was established in Orleans Parish, Louisiana, in 1985 following the establishment of the first adult boot camp in the state of Georgia in 1983. The goals of adult and juvenile boot camps are similar in that both are structured as a residential intermediate sanction employing the strategies of shock incarceration. Residency within most boot camps is intended for a brief period of time followed by a period of supervised probation. Although this may vary from program to program, some boot camps include a therapeutic component that may encompass counseling in the areas of anger management and drug and alcohol abuse as well as opportunities for ...