Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Civil Rights
Todd F. Trough
The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Civil Rights, also known as the Civil Rights Division (CRD), is the division within the Department of Justice charged with enforcing federal laws prohibiting discrimination based upon race, sex, religion, disability, and national origin. As such, the Office of Civil Rights investigates and prosecutes racially motivated crimes and violations, such as unfair housing practices and hate crimes. The division has been responsible for numerous significant prosecutions of race crimes from its inception to the present time. Recently, the division has seen an increased caseload, even in the face of budget constraints. Some organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), as well as the U.S. Congress, criticize the division for not doing enough to ensure that civil rights laws are adequately enforced. The U.S. Department of Justice, which is headed by the attorney general of the United States, is composed of ...