Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
W. Haywood Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice Fairness and Equity
The proportion of minority youth involved in the juvenile justice system and adult criminal justice systems in the United States increased by 47% between 1983 and 1997. In response to the problems of disproportionate minority youth arrests, detention, and commitment to juvenile facilities and adult prisons, the W. Haywood Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice Fairness and Equity was founded in 2002 in San Francisco, California. Thus, the institute was created to protect and improve the lives of youth of color, poor children, and their communities. The institute was named for W. Haywood Burns, a Harvard honors graduate and Yale-educated civil rights lawyer who died in an automobile accident while attending the International Association of Democratic Lawyers conference in Cape Town, South Africa, in 1996. Burns was the former dean of the City University of New York School of Law at Queens College and a longtime civil rights advocate who worked ...