Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Megan L. Gray & Stephanie M. Oakley
In the century that preceded the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States, most extremist violence on U.S. soil came not from foreign threats but from homegrown fighters with a right-wing ideology. Many of these radical right extremists, then and now, subscribe to the tenets of White supremacists, with their core belief in strict racial hierarchy according to which those who belong to the White race are naturally superior socially, intellectually, and physiologically to those outside of this group. White supremacists believe that Whites are more capable and better equipped to perform roles in society more effectively and efficiently because of the advantages they supposedly hold above all other races. Historically, the ideology of White supremacy has given rise to social movements in the United States and abroad, some of which have had far-reaching consequences and continue to exert an influence on society. Among the characteristics shared by U.S. ...