Culturally Specific Delinquency Programs
In the United States, minority group members are disproportionately represented as victims and offenders in the criminal justice system. Culturally specific delinquency programs have as their objectives to prevent and/or stop delinquent behavior. Culturally specific delinquency programs consist of both prevention and treatment modules whereby the racial and/or ethnic identities of youths are incorporated as a necessary component of the response to delinquent behavior. To that end, specific elements of a culture (e.g., language, family norms, religion, gender, work ethic) are used such that adolescents from various backgrounds may more readily identify with program objectives and goals within the context of their own social experiences. President John F. Kennedy in 1964 termed the United States a “nation of immigrants.” Once thought a melting pot whereby racial, ethnic, and various subordinate groups would “give up” their cultural heritage and conform to an Anglo-Protestant core culture, the United States has evolved more ...