Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jennifer L. Huck
The discrimination-disparity continuum designates a typology of discrimination attributable to the criminal justice system. This continuum provides a means to determine the degree of discrimination in the processes, procedures, and outcomes of the criminal justice system through examination of the employees, institutions, and policies of the system. This entry identifies and defines key terms related to the discrimination-disparity continuum and describes the continuum in full. It also discusses various scholarly viewpoints regarding placement of the criminal justice system on the continuum, at the levels of systematic discrimination, institutionalized discrimination, contextual discrimination, and individual acts of discrimination. Discrimination and disparity are topics actively addressed in criminology that are often misunderstood or misrepresented because of differences in terminology usage and operationalization. Before the discrimination-disparity debate can be understood, key terms must first be identified and defined. Race and ethnicity are two causal characteristics of discrimination and disparities in criminal justice. Race Ethnicity ...