Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Entrapment in law occurs when an enforcement officer or other government agent suggests, encourages, or aids in the production of a crime that otherwise would not have been committed. The defense is recognized in federal law and also in most states. Alaska statute § 11.81.450, for instance, allows an affirmative defense if, to obtain evidence of the commission of an offense, a public law enforcement official, or a person working in cooperation with the official, induces the defendant to commit the offense by persuasion or inducement that would be effective to persuade an average person, other than one who is ready and willing, to commit the offense. The U.S. Supreme Court in 1932 upheld the entrapment defense in Sorrells v. the United States , 287 U.S. 485. A federal agent had approached the defendant in his rural North Carolina home and claimed that he was a furniture dealer from Charlotte ...