Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: May 28, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963930 | Print ISBN: 9781412941655 | Online ISBN: 9781412963930| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Hostile environment is a concept describing a workplace environment that has become intolerable to an employee, due to treatment based on that employee's race, ethnicity, sex, religion, or ability. The idea that some employees suffer discrimination in the form of a “hostile environment” developed in the context of struggles for workplace equality. These struggles led to legislation that protects employees from discrimination. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides protection from discrimination to ensure equal employment opportunities. The Civil Rights Act provided for the establishment of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which aimed to protect citizens from race and sex discrimination through ...